Guidelines for the Prevention of Antimicrobial Resistance in Hospitals

Published: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 1997; 18: 275-291

Antimicrobial resistance results in increased morbidity, mortality, and costs of healthcare. Prevention of the emergence of resistance and the dissemination of resistant microorganisms will reduce these adverse effects and their attendant costs. Appropriate antimicrobial stewardship that includes optimal selection, dose, and duration of treatment, as well as control of antibiotic use, will prevent or slow the emergence of resistance among microorganisms. A comprehensively applied infection control program will interdict the dissemination of resistant strains.